Battlefields Park is often referred to as the Plains of Abraham. Most historians believe this name comes from Abraham Martin, friend of the eminent Samuel Champlain, who journeyed to New France around 1620. The park is a place of great historical value, and on September 13th, 1759 it was the site of a significant conflict between the French and the British.
In 1759, when the British established themselves near Quebec, French and British troops became engaged in strategic battles and military maneuvering. General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm led the French, while General James Wolfe led the British. It was speculated that the Plains of Abraham would eventually become the location of a crucial battle between the two opposing forces.
In September 1759 those speculations were confirmed when General stormed the Plains with 4,400 men. The battle only lasted half an hour, but cost a great deal. General Wolfe died on the field after being severely wounded, though his victory would keep Quebec City in British hands for the next four years. General Montcalm died as well, passing away from battle wounds the following night. After the battle, it was estimated that the French troops’ losses were three times as high as their British counterparts.
In 1908 Battlefields Park was created on the site of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham to mark the 300th anniversary of the founding of Quebec. The new park included both the Plains and the former Des Braves Park, encompassing 108 hectares of meadows, woodlands and gorgeous flowers. Today, the park is a haven, with over 6,000 trees and shrubs, and hosting such attractions as the Musée National des Beaux-Arts and the Joan of Arc Garden, as well as many special events throughout the year.